Visual assessment of the influence of adverse diffraction orders on the quality of image formed by the refractive - diffractive optical system
G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, S.V. Kazin, Z.A. Sidyakina, S.A. Stepanov

Penza State University of Architecture and Construction

Full text of article: Russian language.

Abstract:
Adverse impact of the diffraction orders on visually assess the quality of the image formed by refractive-diffractive optical system is investigated. It is shown that if the microstructure of diffractive lenses used in the optical system has a saw-tooth profile and brightness variations in the photographed scenes that are not extreme, the adverse diffraction orders practically not reduce of the system's frequency-contrast characteristic, and the halo does not have any significant negative impact for visual perception of the image.

Key words:
diffractive lens, relief-phase microstructure, adverse diffraction orders, image quality.

References:

  1. Bobrov, S.T Optics of diffractive elements and systems / S.T. Bobrov, G.I. Greisukh, Yu.G. Turkevich. – L.: Mashinostroenie, 1986. – 223 p. – (In Russian).
  2. Greisukh, G.I. Optics of diffractive and gradient-index elements and systems / G.I. Greisukh, S.T. Bobrov, S.A. Stepanov. – Bellingham: SPIE Press, 1997. – 414 p.
  3. Greisukh, G.I. Optical systems with diffractive elements: ways of the chromatism correction / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, S.V. Kazin, S.A. Stepanov // Computer Optics. – 2010. – Vol. 34(2). – P. 187-193. – (In Russian).
  4. Greisukh, G.I. Design of the double-telecentric high-aperture diffractive-refractive objectives / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, I.A. Levin, S.A. Stepanov // Applied Optics. – 2011. – V. 50(19). – P. 3254-3258.
  5. Greisukh, G.I. Potentialities of achromatized diffractive and diffractive-refractive X-ray focusing systems / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, S.V. Kasin, S.A. Stepanov // Technical Physics. – 2012. – V. 57(3). – P. 410-414.
  6. Gan, M.A. Theory and design methods of the hologram and kinoform optical elements / M.A. Gan. – Leningrad: “GOI” Publisher, 1984. – 140 p. – (In Russian).
  7. Mercado, R.I. The design of apochromatic optical systems / R.I. Mercado // International Lens Design Conference, SPIE. – 1985. – V. 554. – P. 217-227.
  8. Stone, T. Hybrid diffractive-refractive lenses and achromats / T. Stone, N. George // Applied Optics. – 1988. – V. 27. – P. 2960-2971.
  9. Maxwell, J. Tertiary spectrum manipulation in apochromats / J. Maxwell // International Lens Design Conference, SPIE. – 1990. – V. 1354. – P. 408-411.
  10. Mercado, R.I. Designs of two-glass apochromats and superachromats / R.I. Mercado // International Lens Design Conference, SPIE. – 1990. – V. 1354. – P. 263-272.
  11. Greisukh, G.I. Diffractive-Refractive Hybrid Corrector for Achro- and Apochromatic Corrections of Optical Systems / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, S.A. Stepanov // Applied Optics. – 2006. – V. 45(24). – P. 6137-6141.
  12. Greisukh, G.I. Diffraction-refraction corrector of the tertiary spectrum / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, S.V. Kasin, S.A. Stepanov // Journal of Optical Technology. – 2010. – V. 77(9). – P. 542-547.
  13. Greisukh, G.I. Modeling and investigation superachromatozation refractive and refractive-diffractive optical systems / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, I.A. Levin, A.V. Kalashnikov, S.A. Stepanov // Computer ptics. – 2012. – V. 36 (3). – P. 395-404. – (In Russian).
  14. Greisukh, G.I. Design of achromatic and apochromatic plastic microobjectives / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, I.A. Le­vin, S.A. Stepanov // Applied Optics. – 2010. – V. 49(23). – P. 4379-4384.
  15. Greisukh, G.I. Diffractive–refractive correction units for plastic compact zoom lenses / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, A.V. Kalashnikov, S.A. Stepanov // Applied Optics. – 2012. – V. 51(20). – P. 4597-4604.
  16. Greisukh, G.I. Design of plastic diffractive–refractive compact zoom lenses for visible–near-IR spectrum / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, Z.A. Sidyakina, S.A. Stepanov // Applied Optics. – 2013. – V. 52(23). – . 5843-5850.
  17. Greisukh, G.I. Design and analysis of the compact plastic refractive-diffractive zoom lens / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ez­hov, Z.A. Sidyakina, S.A. Stepanov // Computer ptics. – 2013. – V. 37(2). – P. 210-214. – (In Russian).
  18. Edmund Optics: plastic hybrid aspheric lenses [Electronic resource]. – Access mode : http://www.edmundoptics.com/optics/optical-lenses/aspheric-lenses/plastic-hybrid-aspheric-lenses/3200
  19. Geary, J.M. Introduction to lens design: with practical ZEMAX examples / J.M. Geary. – Richmond: Willmann-Bell, Inc., 2002. – 462 p.
  20. Koronkevich, V.P. Modern zone plates / V.P. Koronke­vich, I.G. Palchikova // Optoelectronics, Instrumentation and Data Processing. – 1992. – Vol. 1. – P. 86-101.
  21. Optical Component and Lens Applications [Electronic resource]. – Access mode : http://www.zeonex.com/optical_plastic.asp
  22. Greisukh, G.I. Suppression of the Spectral Selectivity of Two-Layer Relief-Phase Diffraction Structures / G.I. Greisukh, E.A. Bezus, D.A. Bykov, E.G. Ezhov, S.A. Stepanov // Optics and Spectroscopy. – 2009. – V. 106(4). – P. 692-697.
  23. Greisukh, G.I. The efficiency of relief-phase diffractive elements at a small number of Fresnel zones / G.I. Greisukh, E.G. Ezhov, A.V. Kalashnikov, I.A. Levin, S.A. Stepanov // Optics and Spectroscopy. – 2012. – V. 113(4). – P. 425-430.
  24. ZEMAX: software for optical system design [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: http://www.radiantzemax.com
    1951 USAF resolution test chart [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1951_USAF_resolution_test_chart
  25. HOYA FILTERS [Electronic resource]. – Access mode: http://www.hoyafilter.com/hoya/products/generalfilters/uvircut1991. – 1232 p. – (In Russian).

© 2009, IPSI RAS
Institution of Russian Academy of Sciences, Image Processing Systems Institute of RAS, Russia, 443001, Samara, Molodogvardeyskaya Street 151; e-mail: ko@smr.ru; Phones: +7 (846 2) 332-56-22, Fax: +7 (846 2) 332-56-20